This paper seeks to explore the effect of the international development policies promoted by the United Nations Development Programme on civil society participation in urban development process in the countries of the South. More specifically, the case of Syria during the period 2005– 2010 was examined. An institutional analysis was conducted in order to investigate the question of whether development institutions in particular contexts, in terms of both the mental models and the organizational forms of development, permitted the space needed to apply this principle in practice. In this, the paper argues the need to promote a proactive approach to enable civil society participation in the countries of the South rather than a normative internationally accepted approach developed in isolation from the given political and institutional context.
Hasan, S., & McWilliams, C. (2016). Assessing the impact of international development policies on the process of civil society participation in urban development in countries of the south: the case of Syria, 2005-2010. International Planning Studies, 21(1), 101-116. https://doi.org/10.1080/13563475.2015.1114445