Constructions of numerous approximate sampling algorithms are based on the well-known fact that certain Gibbs measures are stationary distributions of ergodic stochastic differential equations (SDEs) driven by the Brownian motion. However, for some heavy-tailed distributions it can be shown that the associated SDE is not exponentially ergodic and that related sampling algorithms may perform poorly. A natural idea that has recently been explored in the machine learning literature in this context is to make use of stochastic processes with heavy tails instead of the Brownian motion. In this paper we provide a rigorous theoretical framework for studying the problem of approximating heavy-tailed distributions via ergodic SDEs driven by symmetric (rotationally invariant) α-stable processes.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 16 Nov 2020|