Antioxidant capacity and physical exercise

A. Marciniak, Joanna Brzeszczywska, K. Gwoździński, A. Jegier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of this article is a presentation of current knowledge regarding the changes of plasma antioxidant capacity observed in response to physical exercise. Human body created the enzymatic and non-enzymatic systems, which play a protective role in the harmful impact of free radicals. Those two systems constitute what is known as the plasma total antioxidant capacity. The amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (NOS) in combination with oxidation processes increases in some tissues during physiological response to physical exercise. These changes are observed after single bout of exercise as well as after regular training. The response of human body to physical exercise can be analysed using various models of exercise test. Application of repeated type of exhaustion allows for characterizing the ability of human body to adjust to the increased energy loss and increased oxygen consumption. This article presents me characteristics of components of plasma antioxidant capacity, the mechanisms of free radicals production and their role in human body. It discusses also the currently used methods of detecting changes in total antioxidant capacity and its individual elements in response to single bout of exercise and regular training. It presents the review of literature about research performed in groups of both regularly training and low exercise activity individuals as well as in group of healthy subjects and patients with circulation diseases.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)197-213
    Number of pages17
    JournalBiology of Sport
    Volume26
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Keywords

    • Antioxidant capacity
    • Exercise
    • Free radicals
    • Oxidative stress

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  • Cite this

    Marciniak, A., Brzeszczywska, J., Gwoździński, K., & Jegier, A. (2009). Antioxidant capacity and physical exercise. Biology of Sport, 26(3), 197-213.