Angular momentum supercontinuum from fibre rings

Calum Maitland, Fabio Biancalana

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Abstract

Broadband, coherent light carrying optical angular momentum (AM) is of potential utility for a variety of classical and quantum communication applications, but at present few such sources exist. We study the theory of generation of supercontinua in a ring array of coupled optical fibres. Short pulses carrying discrete AM undergo soliton fission, spontaneously breaking azimuthal symmetry. This results in a train of pulses with a broadband frequency spectrum as well as a non-trivial AM distribution. These spatio-temporal solitary waves, localised around a single fibre core, emit an unusual form of resonant radiation which can be present even in the absence of intrinsic higher order dispersion, being induced by the lattice dispersion of the ring array. We explore how the coupling properties between fibre cores affect the resulting supercontinuum, in particular how mildly twisting the array can effectively manipulate its AM content and resonant frequencies through the induced Peierls phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015503
JournalJournal of Optics
Volume22
Issue number1
Early online date17 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • nonlinear fibre optics
  • optical angular momentum
  • supercontinuum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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