Analyzing city-scale resilience using a novel systems approach

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The Sendai Framework serves to expand our understanding of disaster risk, complementing our increasing understanding of hazards with a deeper conceptualization of exposure and resilience. However the complexity of these concepts—and how to operationalize them in practice—is challenging. This chapter aims to explore what is missing from our current conceptualization of disaster risk and contribute one potentially powerful method to expand it: the abstraction hierarchy (AH). The AH captures the sociotechnical interactions between tangible and intangible aspects of a city, across multiple scales. Network metrics prioritize the critical system components at each level of scale, identifying which parts are most likely to cause a cascading effect through the rest of the city system, should they be removed by a hazard event. Here it is applied to two locations, with results reflecting differences in urban layout and changes between every day and flooded scenarios. This improved understanding of disaster risk will strengthen resilience and ease the negative effects of hazards—the central goal of the Sendai Framework.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnderstanding Disaster Risk
Subtitle of host publicationA Multidimensional Approach
EditorsPedro Pinto Santos, Ksenia Chmutina, Jason Von Meding, Emmanuel Raju
PublisherElsevier
Chapter2.2
Pages179-201
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9780128190470
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Sep 2020

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    McClymont, K., Bedinger, M., Beevers, L. C., Walker, G. H., & Morrison, D. (2021). Analyzing city-scale resilience using a novel systems approach. In P. P. Santos, K. Chmutina, J. V. Meding, & E. Raju (Eds.), Understanding Disaster Risk: A Multidimensional Approach (pp. 179-201). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819047-0.00011-1