Analytical approximation to characterize the performance of in situ aquifer bioremediation

H. Keijzer, Rink van Dijke, S. E. A. T. M. van der Zee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)


    The performance of in situ bioremediation to remove organic contaminants from contaminated aquifers depends on the physical and biochemical parameters. We characterize the performance by the contaminant removal rate and the region where biodegradation occurs, the biologically active zone (BAZ). The numerical fronts obtained by one-dimensional in situ bioremediation modeling reveal a traveling wave behavior: fronts of microbial mass, organic contaminant and electron acceptor move with a constant velocity and constant front shape through the domain. Hence, only one front shape and a linear relation between the front position and time is found for each of the three compounds. We derive analytical approximations for the traveling wave front shape and front position that agree perfectly with the traveling wave behavior resulting from the bioremediation model. Using these analytical approximations, we determine the contaminant removal rate and the BAZ. Furthermore, we assess the influence of the physical and biochemical parameters on the performance of the in situ bioremediation technique.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)217-228
    Number of pages12
    JournalAdvances in Water Resources
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999


    • Analytical approximation
    • Biodegradation
    • Transport
    • Traveling wave


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