A theoretical analysis based on coupled field-matter equations is given to describe the recently observed phenomenon of a central dark spot formation of a Gaussian beam transmitted through an absorbing defocusing liquid medium. We find that such a pattern formation, which is accompanied by normal defocusing rings in the far field, originates from interplay between the wave-front curvature of the Gaussian beam and strong spatial self-phase modulation arising from thermally induced refractive index change in the medium. Results of numerical analysis for a thin medium are shown to be in a good quantitative agreement with our experimental findings. Further, the dark spot formation is also predicted by using a focused Gaussian beam and self-focusing medium.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Modern Optics|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1998|