An outcome-based resource allocation model for local education services in Wales

Glen Bramley, David Watkins, Noah Karley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Funding for local services such as education has for long been allocated on formulae claiming to reflect local variations in needs, although in practice these have often tended to reflect the patterns of past expenditure. The idea that such formulae might reflect explicit outcome criteria is not new, but only with the recent development of integrated multilevel databases has it become possible to develop this approach in a serious way. We identify the essential requirements of an outcome approach and discuss variant criteria in such a system. Data for the whole compulsory-age-range state school system in Wales are analysed to generate models predicting key attainment levels for individual pupils at 11 and 16. These are complemented by models for school costs and the incidence of special educational needs. Using these models it is possible to estimate the cost of achieving various target degrees of improvement or equalisation of outcomes, or compensation for relevant social disadvantages, balanced against constraints on the maximum degree of redistribution (via minimum school budgets). The results indicate that it is certainly possible to envisage such a system in operation, albeit subject to gradualist implementation, although the redistribution could have implications for particular localities which were controversial.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)848-871
    JournalEnvironment and Planning C: Government and Policy
    Volume29
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Fingerprint

    redistribution
    resources
    education
    special educational needs
    costs
    school system
    school
    pupil
    budget
    expenditures
    incidence
    funding

    Cite this

    @article{4eed85854faf4e0ca7eee09352917e80,
    title = "An outcome-based resource allocation model for local education services in Wales",
    abstract = "Funding for local services such as education has for long been allocated on formulae claiming to reflect local variations in needs, although in practice these have often tended to reflect the patterns of past expenditure. The idea that such formulae might reflect explicit outcome criteria is not new, but only with the recent development of integrated multilevel databases has it become possible to develop this approach in a serious way. We identify the essential requirements of an outcome approach and discuss variant criteria in such a system. Data for the whole compulsory-age-range state school system in Wales are analysed to generate models predicting key attainment levels for individual pupils at 11 and 16. These are complemented by models for school costs and the incidence of special educational needs. Using these models it is possible to estimate the cost of achieving various target degrees of improvement or equalisation of outcomes, or compensation for relevant social disadvantages, balanced against constraints on the maximum degree of redistribution (via minimum school budgets). The results indicate that it is certainly possible to envisage such a system in operation, albeit subject to gradualist implementation, although the redistribution could have implications for particular localities which were controversial.",
    author = "Glen Bramley and David Watkins and Noah Karley",
    year = "2011",
    doi = "10.1068/c0987",
    language = "English",
    volume = "29",
    pages = "848--871",
    journal = "Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy",
    issn = "0263-774X",
    publisher = "Pion Ltd.",
    number = "5",

    }

    An outcome-based resource allocation model for local education services in Wales. / Bramley, Glen; Watkins, David; Karley, Noah.

    In: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 29, No. 5, 2011, p. 848-871.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - An outcome-based resource allocation model for local education services in Wales

    AU - Bramley, Glen

    AU - Watkins, David

    AU - Karley, Noah

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - Funding for local services such as education has for long been allocated on formulae claiming to reflect local variations in needs, although in practice these have often tended to reflect the patterns of past expenditure. The idea that such formulae might reflect explicit outcome criteria is not new, but only with the recent development of integrated multilevel databases has it become possible to develop this approach in a serious way. We identify the essential requirements of an outcome approach and discuss variant criteria in such a system. Data for the whole compulsory-age-range state school system in Wales are analysed to generate models predicting key attainment levels for individual pupils at 11 and 16. These are complemented by models for school costs and the incidence of special educational needs. Using these models it is possible to estimate the cost of achieving various target degrees of improvement or equalisation of outcomes, or compensation for relevant social disadvantages, balanced against constraints on the maximum degree of redistribution (via minimum school budgets). The results indicate that it is certainly possible to envisage such a system in operation, albeit subject to gradualist implementation, although the redistribution could have implications for particular localities which were controversial.

    AB - Funding for local services such as education has for long been allocated on formulae claiming to reflect local variations in needs, although in practice these have often tended to reflect the patterns of past expenditure. The idea that such formulae might reflect explicit outcome criteria is not new, but only with the recent development of integrated multilevel databases has it become possible to develop this approach in a serious way. We identify the essential requirements of an outcome approach and discuss variant criteria in such a system. Data for the whole compulsory-age-range state school system in Wales are analysed to generate models predicting key attainment levels for individual pupils at 11 and 16. These are complemented by models for school costs and the incidence of special educational needs. Using these models it is possible to estimate the cost of achieving various target degrees of improvement or equalisation of outcomes, or compensation for relevant social disadvantages, balanced against constraints on the maximum degree of redistribution (via minimum school budgets). The results indicate that it is certainly possible to envisage such a system in operation, albeit subject to gradualist implementation, although the redistribution could have implications for particular localities which were controversial.

    U2 - 10.1068/c0987

    DO - 10.1068/c0987

    M3 - Article

    VL - 29

    SP - 848

    EP - 871

    JO - Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy

    JF - Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy

    SN - 0263-774X

    IS - 5

    ER -