An improved measurement of Vickers indentation behaviour through enhanced instrumentation

N. H. Faisal, R. L. Reuben, R. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This work presents an enhanced instrumented Vickers indentation technique capable of recording force, displacement and acoustic emission (AE) during loading condition. Four materials were chosen for examination; copper, aluminium, steel and as-sprayed HVOF WC-12%Co coating. Results indicate that force-displacement (P-h) profiles are essentially bilinear with two characteristic slopes separated by a distinct displacement arrest for all loads above 98 N. The P-h curve indicates three distinct loading stages (I, II and III) and the stage III mechanical energy increases with loads. About 66% of the hardened steel indentations but only about 18% of the as-sprayed HVOF WC-12%Co coating indentations exhibited an AE record that could be separated into three distinct zones (A, B and C). Where zoning was possible the AE corresponding to a zone correlated well with the AE associated with a loading stage. It is concluded that plastic deformation in soft metals produced little AE, whereas brittle fracture in hardened steel and as-sprayed HVOF WC-12%Co coating produced significant AE. AE may or may not be focused onto particular stages of the indentation and a full measure of crack prevalence would require fractal dimension analysis, which is time consuming, offering a motivation for AE-based indentation testing. © 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015703
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages18
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011


  • Acoustic emission
  • Deformation
  • Displacement
  • Force
  • Fracture
  • Hardness
  • Indentation
  • Instrumented
  • Open-loop
  • Vickers


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