An experimental study of the effects of CO2 injection on gas/condensate recovery and CO2 storage in gas-condensate reservoirs

Ifeanyi Seteyeobot, Mahmoud Jamiolahmady, Philip Jaeger, Abdulelah Nasieef

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


The application of non-hydrocarbon gas injection for enhanced gas and condensate recovery (EGCR) is still in a developmental stage as the mixing/interaction between the injected gas and resident reservoir fluid is yet to be extensively understood and the inability to optimize the recovery process has led to limited pilot trials. Carbon dioxide (CO2) injection into gas-condensate reservoirs for improved recovery and CO2 storage provides additional and favorable changes in phase and fluid flow behaviour making it economically more attractive compared to other injection gases. However, to make an informed decision, adequate phase and flow behaviour analysis are required to better forecast the reservoir performance under CO2 injection. In this research, appropriate experimental phase behaviour, EOS modeling, and unsteady-state flow tests have been conducted to determine the level of CO2/gas-condensate interaction including condensing/vaporizing mechanisms during CO2 Huff-n-Puff (HnP) injection. A CO2 HnP injection technique was followed to identify the best CO2 flooding conditions. A total of four HnP injection cycles with incremental CO2 volumes of 20, 40, 60, and 80 % of the initial resident fluid volume prior to depletion was considered. CO2 injection pressure and volume are optimized below the saturation pressure. The analysis is based on evaluating the level of interaction between CO2 and resident fluid at the maximum condensate saturation of the corresponding CO2-gas-condensate fluid mixture as determined in a phase equilibria cell. Appropriate experimental phase behaviour and core flood data were generated and analyzed to identify and quantify the level of condensing/vaporizing mechanisms which are vital for adequate optimization of the injection pressure and amount of injected CO2 for both enhanced gas and condensate recovery and CO2 storage purposes. The amount of gas, condensate, and CO2 produced at each core flood stage was recorded. These data allow bridging the gap between conflicting reports on the trend and level of CO2/gas-condensate fluid interactions at pressures below the dew point pressure (Pdew). They also provide a better knowledge of the governing mechanisms during CO2 flooding, which are required for designing appropriate CO2 HnP injection for reservoir engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2021
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781613997864
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2021
EventSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2021 - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 21 Sept 202123 Sept 2021


ConferenceSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2021
Abbreviated titleATCE 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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