An experimental study of air entrainment at a solid/liquid/gas interface

R. Burley, B. S. Kennedy

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128 Citations (Scopus)


Some data from an experimental study of air entrainment into a fluid bath by a continuous moving plane tape is presented. The separate effects of surface tension and viscosity are described and the various modes of air entrainment are given in the context of fluid properties. The velocity of air entrainment is found to be a function of surface tension and viscosity for viscosities less than 4.65 poise. For viscosities greater than this value, the air entrainment velocity tended to a constant value of 9.5 cm sec-1 independent of surface tension. Relationships of the form: We = k Rea and We = c (Bo + 1)Red, are suggested by analogy to describe air entrainment data without and with buoyancy effects. Data from studies on four tapes and nine fluids gave a very high correlation when plotted in the above form. The data is in substantial agreement with that from similar studies, and shows that the condition Ca = We/Re = constant is not a global criteria for air entrainment by a plunging surface. The experimental data shows that air entrainment velocity may be estimated from the relationship VAF = 67.679 (µv(g/?s))-0.672 for the normally plunging plane tapes studied. © 1976.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)901-911
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1976


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