An examination of reduced potential for innovation and enterprise in an ICT cluster

Laura Galloway, Abigail Marks

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


    The paper identifies the potential for enterprise and new venture creation problems in the ICT industry in Scotland due to the withdrawal of several large multi-national firms. Marks and Huzzard (2010) identify two core competencies associated with innovation and competitiveness in the ICT sector: vocational skills and employability skills. Employability skills are advocated as key to generating innovation and enterprise in organisations, and consequently they are often called enterprise skills, implying the anticipation of new firms as an integral part of developing a competitive knowledge economy. Skills development post education has traditionally been within large firms in the ICT industry, but the majority of large firms withdrew from Scotland just under a decade ago. Remaining SMEs have maintained their position in the market by creating one or two core products, or providing developmental services to larger organisations. New graduates are lacking in employability/enterprise skills which are not being developed by smaller employers. This has led to a skills stagnation and ultimately sector stagnation. For entrepreneurship to be facilitated or indeed to flourish, theory relates that a dynamic, healthy sector with a diversity of players and participants is necessary. The withdrawal of the large firms from Scotland may have removed a vital part of the enterprise process.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship
    EditorsA Kakouris
    Place of PublicationReading
    PublisherAcademic Publishing Ltd
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)978-1-906638-74-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    Event5th European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation - Natl Kapodistrian Univ Athens, Athens, Greece
    Duration: 1 Sept 20101 Sept 2010


    Conference5th European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation


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