An endochitinase A from Vibrio carchariae: cloning, expression, mass and sequence analyses, and chitin hydrolysis

Wipa Suginta, Archara Vongsuwan, Chomphunuch Songsiriritthigul, Heino Prinz, Peter Estibeiro, Rory R Duncan, Jisnuson Svasti, Linda A. Fothergill-Gilmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We provide evidence that chitinase A from Vibrio carchariae acts as an endochitinase. The chitinase A gene isolated from V. carchariae genome encodes 850 amino acids expressing a 95-kDa precursor. Peptide masses of the native enzyme identified from MALDI-TOF or nanoESIMS were identical with the putative amino acid sequence translated from the corresponding nucleotide sequence. The enzyme has a highly conserved catalytic TIM-barrel region as previously described for Serratia marcescens ChiA. The Mr of the native chitinase A was determined to be 62,698, suggesting that the C-terminal proteolytic cleavage site was located between R597 and K598. The DNA fragment that encodes the processed enzyme was subsequently cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The expressed protein exhibited chitinase activity on gel activity assay. Analysis of chitin hydrolysis using HPLC/ESI-MS confirmed the endo characteristics of the enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-180
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume424
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2004

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Chitin
  • Chitinase
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Escherichia coli
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Sequence Analysis, Protein
  • Sequence Homology
  • Vibrio
  • Amino Acid

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    Suginta, W., Vongsuwan, A., Songsiriritthigul, C., Prinz, H., Estibeiro, P., Duncan, R. R., Svasti, J., & Fothergill-Gilmore, L. A. (2004). An endochitinase A from Vibrio carchariae: cloning, expression, mass and sequence analyses, and chitin hydrolysis. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 424(2), 171-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2004.01.017