An Albanian translation of a questionnaire for self-reported tinnitus assessment

Eleni Genitsaridi, Albi Dode, Birkena Qirjazi, Muntazir Mehdi, Rüdiger Pryss, Thomas Probst, Manfred Reichert, Franz Hauck, Deborah Ann Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To our knowledge, there is no published study investigating the characteristics of people experiencing tinnitus in Albania. Such a study would be important, providing the basis for further research in this region and contributing to a wider understanding of tinnitus heterogeneity across different geographic locations. The main objective of this study was to develop an Albanian translation of a standardised questionnaire for tinnitus research, namely the European School for Interdisciplinary Tinnitus Research-Screening Questionnaire (ESIT-SQ). A secondary objective was to assess its applicability and usefulness by conducting an exploratory survey on a small sample of the Albanian tinnitus population.

Design and study sample: Three translators were recruited to create the Albanian ESIT-SQ translation following good practice guidelines. Using this questionnaire, data from 107 patients attending otolaryngology clinics in Albania were collected.

Results: Participants reporting various degrees of tinnitus symptom severity had distinct phenotypic characteristics. Application of a random forest approach on this preliminary dataset showed that self-reported hearing difficulty, and tinnitus duration, pitch and temporal manifestation were important variables for predicting tinnitus symptom severity.

Conclusions: Our study provided an Albanian translation of the ESIT-SQ and demonstrated that it is a useful tool for tinnitus profiling and subgrouping.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-519
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Issue number6
Early online date28 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • Albania
  • classification models
  • questionnaire
  • tinnitus heterogeneity
  • translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


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