Adolescents’ daily activities and the restorative niches that support them

Jennifer Roe, Peter Alan Aspinall

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper explores wellbeing from the perspective of the psychological
    dynamics underlying adolescents’ relationship with place. It uses a dynamic model of
    wellbeing called personal project analysis (PPA) which captures the concept of
    ‘flourishing’, defined as functioning well in your activities, strivings and interactions with the world [1]. Using PPA methods we identified adolescents’ daily activities and the ‘restorative niches’ that best support them. A series of settings (including home, urban and natural outdoor places) were explored using PPA with 45 young people (aged 11–13) living in Edinburgh, Central Scotland. Participants were asked to think of eight projects of current importance to them, to say where the project took place and to rate each project against a series of core wellbeing dimensions measuring project meaning, manageability, support and affect (how much fun, stress etc.). Latent class analysis was carried out to explore clusters—or sub-groups—in the data and to identify the significant discriminators between clusters. A three-cluster model produced the best fit with project type, project place and wellbeing indicators (fun and stress) significantly discriminating between the
    three clusters. The three clusters were labeled by their dominant environmental context, ‘faraway’ (e.g., beach, national parks, hills), ‘everyday’ (e.g., home, school, local streets) and ‘citywide’ (e.g., sport settings, urban town context). ‘Faraway’ and ‘citywide’ clusters had a significantly higher wellbeing content, especially for fun and stress; the ‘everyday’ cluster indicated local environs remain a dominant project place for this age group, but are associated with greater stress. We compare findings with adults and suggest that outdoor settings further afield from home have greater significance within adolescent project
    systems, but that support is needed to facilitate access to these places.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3227-3244
    JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • adolescent
    • personal project
    • wellbeing
    • restorative niche
    • place
    • flourishing


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