Accurately modeling benzene and alkylbenzenes using a group contribution based SAFT approach

Gaurav Das, M. Carolina dos Ramos, Clare McCabe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In recent work, the GC-SAFT-VR equation, which combines the SAFT equation for potentials of variable range (VR) with a group contribution (GC) approach, was proposed. Parameters for key functional groups (such as CH3, CH2, CH, CH2CH, CO, C6H5, ether, ester, OH, NH2, CHO, COOH) were obtained by fitting to experimental vapor pressure and saturated liquid density data for selected low molecular weight fluids and then used to predict the phase behavior of both pure non-associating and associating fluids and their mixtures, generally without adjusting the group parameters to binary mixture data. In the GC-SAFT-VR approach the benzene ring was modeled as a single group (C6H6 for benzene and C6H5, for alkylbenzenes) however, in common with other group-contribution based SAFT approaches, this approach fails to reproduce the correct curvature seen in the experimental liquid density of alkylbenzenes. In this work, to improve upon the model adopted for ring molecules, the benzene ring is explicitly considered through the connectivity of several smaller groups to more accurately capture the π-π interactions. We demonstrate that the improved model better captures the curvature present in the experimental saturated liquid density data of pure alkylbenzenes. Additionally, mixtures of several non-associating and associating fluids with benzene and alklybenzenes are studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-251
Number of pages10
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2014


  • Phase behavior
  • Rings
  • Saturated liquid density
  • Vapor pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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