A WINNER+ Based 3-D Non-Stationary Wideband MIMO Channel Model

Ji Bian, Jian Sun, Cheng-Xiang Wang*, Rui Feng, Jie Huang, Yang Yang, Minggao Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a three-dimensional (3D) non-stationary wideband multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel model based on the WINNER+ channel model is proposed. The angular distributions of clusters in both the horizontal and vertical planes are jointly considered. The receiver and clusters can be moving, which makes the model more general. Parameters, including number of clusters, powers, delays, azimuth angles of departure (AAoDs), azimuth angles of arrival (AAoAs), elevation angles of departure (EAoDs), and elevation angles of arrival (EAoAs) are time-variant. The cluster time evolution is modeled using a birth-death process. Statistical properties, including spatial cross-correlation function (CCF), temporal autocorrelation function (ACF), Doppler power spectrum density (PSD), level-crossing rate (LCR), average fading duration (AFD), and stationary interval are investigated and analyzed. The LCR, AFD, and stationary interval of the proposed channel model are validated against the measurement data. Numerical and simulation results show that the proposed channel model has the ability to reproduce the main properties of real non-stationary channels. Furthermore, the proposed channel model can be adapted to various communication scenarios by adjusting different parameter values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1767
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number3
Early online date22 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


  • GBSM
  • Non-stationary wideband MIMO channel model
  • stationary interval
  • statistical properties
  • time-variant parameters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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