A training exercise in subjectively estimating inhalation exposures

S. E. Semple, L. A. Proud, S. N. Tannahill, M. E. Tindall, J. W. Cherrie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objectives. This study examined whether it is possible to train occupational hygienists to estimate inhalation exposures reliably from limited occupational information using a new method and assessed improvements in the quality of the estimate using the aggregate from multiple assessors. Methods. Five occupational hygienists estimated inhalation exposure for 40 tasks covering a range of chemical hazards using a recently developed subjective modeling technique supplemented by detailed guidance notes. The measured exposure levels were used to determine the validity of the method. The correlation coefficients of the log-transformed data were used to assess the discriminative power of the method, and the ratio of the mean estimate to measured values was used to measure accuracy. Results. There was good-to-excellent agreement between the assessors' estimates and the measured data, the correlation coefficients ranging from 0.73 to 0.85. There was a tendency for assessors to overestimate the exposure levels by, on the average, two- to fourfold. Aggregating the assessors' estimates helped to improve the correlation coefficient to 0.88, the overestimation being 2.6-fold. Using more than three assessors for aggregate estimates did not improve the reliability of the method. Conclusions. Overall, the assessors found the method to be useful in generating exposure estimates that correlate well with measured levels. The provision of high-quality guidance information is likely to be important in the generation of reliable exposure estimates. The method is likely to be of use in epidemiologic studies in which limited exposure data are available.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)395-401
    Number of pages7
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
    Volume27
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2001

    Keywords

    • Epidemiology
    • Exposure assessment
    • Modeling

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Toxicology
    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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