This paper is a personal perspective on the development of systems in civil engineering and in particular the roles of Munro, Brown, Blockley, Elms and Jowitt. The paper traces the development of civil engineering systems thinking from the 1960s to the beginning of the twenty-first century - from hard systems, operational research methodologies to soft systems and reflective practice. It parallels the special contribution of Blockley in this process. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.
- civil engineering systems
- systems thinking
- the Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems journal