A study of decoding human brain activities from simultaneous data of EEG and fMRI using MVPA

Raheel Zafar, Nidal Kamel, Mohamad Naufal, Aamir Saeed Malik, Sarat C. Dass, Rana Fayyaz Ahmad, Jafri M. Abdullah, Faruque Reza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Neuroscientists have investigated the functionality of the brain in detail and achieved remarkable results but this area still need further research. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is considered as the most reliable and accurate technique to decode the human brain activity, on the other hand electroencephalography (EEG) is a portable and low cost solution in brain research. The purpose of this study is to find whether EEG can be used to decode the brain activity patterns like fMRI. In fMRI, data from a very specific brain region is enough to decode the brain activity patterns due to the quality of data. On the other hand, EEG can measure the rapid changes in neuronal activity patterns due to its higher temporal resolution i.e., in msec. These rapid changes mostly occur in different brain regions. In this study, multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) is used both for EEG and fMRI data analysis and the information is extracted from distributed activation patterns of the brain. The significant information among different classes is extracted using two sample t test in both data sets. Finally, the classification analysis is done using the support vector machine. A fair comparison of both data sets is done using the same analysis techniques, moreover simultaneously collected data of EEG and fMRI is used for this comparison. The final analysis is done with the data of eight participants; the average result of all conditions are found which is 65.7% for EEG data set and 64.1% for fMRI data set. It concludes that EEG is capable of doing brain decoding with the data from multiple brain regions. In other words, decoding accuracy with EEG MVPA is as good as fMRI MVPA and is above chance level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-645
Number of pages13
JournalAustralasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Issue number3
Early online date13 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018


  • EEG
  • fMRI
  • Visual decoding
  • SVM
  • DWT


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