A stochastic implementation of the APCI model for mortality projections

Stephen J. Richards, Iain David Currie, Torsten Kleinow, Gavin P. Ritchie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
126 Downloads (Pure)


The Age-Period-Cohort-Improvement (APCI) model is a new addition to the canon of mortality forecasting models. It was introduced by Continuous Mortality Investigation as a means of parameterising a deterministic targeting model for forecasting, but this paper shows how it can be implemented as a fully stochastic model. We demonstrate a number of interesting features about the APCI model, including which parameters to smooth and how much better the model fits to the data compared to some other, related models. However, this better fit also sometimes results in higher value-at-risk (VaR)-style capital requirements for insurers, and we explore why this is by looking at the density of the VaR simulations.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13
JournalBritish Actuarial Journal
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2019


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