A state-of-the-art review of operation research models and applications in home healthcare

Fariba Goodarzian, Hossein Shokri Garjan, Peiman Ghasemi

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Healthcare workers and nurses in Home HealthCare (HHC) are routed and scheduled to perform various services at patients’ homes. These services often involve a combination of scheduling, allocation, planning, and vehicle routing problems, and the optimization models for solving these problems become more complex. Therefore, this network has garnered attention from policymakers, researchers, and practitioners. State-of-the-art research is necessary to ensure the quality of service and reduce costs due to the high demand for HHC. This study presents a comprehensive and systematic review of operation research models and applications in HHC, focusing on problem formulation and solutions. These methods include meta-heuristic algorithms and exact methods. We study recent contributions and project future directions in HHC research and applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100228
JournalHealthcare Analytics
Early online date1 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Exact methods
  • Home healthcare network
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Meta-heuristic algorithms
  • Operation research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Health Informatics

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