A Scoping Review on the Opportunities for Social Engagement and Cognitive Frailty in Older Adults

Sally Fowler Davis*, Charlotte Benkowitz, Carol Holland, Alan J. Gow, Charlotte Clarke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Cognitive frailty (CF) is defined as the clinical syndrome of the combination of physical frailty and cognitive impairment, without dementia. Numerous risk factors for CF have been previously identified but this scoping review focusses on the critical need for social engagement and the association with cognition. The focus of this scoping review on the opportunity for social engagement rather than on perception or experience of loneliness. Based on the results of 55 studies were synthesised into four social engagement categories, namely participation, household, network, and habitat. Social engagement is associated with maintaining or improving cognition, particularly through active participation in social roles. Habitat (i.e., rural or urban settings) also influences cognition and the challenge is to enable social participation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1606494
JournalPublic Health Reviews
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • cognitive frailty
  • older adults
  • population health
  • social determinants
  • social engagement

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