A review on stereolithography and its applications in biomedical engineering

Ferry P W Melchels, Jan Feijen, Dirk W. Grijpma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1848 Citations (Scopus)
1373 Downloads (Pure)


Stereolithography is a solid freeform technique (SFF) that was introduced in the late 1980s. Although many other techniques have been developed since then, stereolithography remains one of the most powerful and versatile of all SFF techniques. It has the highest fabrication accuracy and an increasing number of materials that can be processed is becoming available. In this paper we discuss the characteristic features of the stereolithography technique and compare it to other SFF techniques. The biomedical applications of stereolithography are reviewed, as well as the biodegradable resin materials that have been developed for use with stereolithography. Finally, an overview of the application of stereolithography in preparing porous structures for tissue engineering is given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6121-6130
Number of pages10
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010


  • Microstructure
  • Rapid prototyping
  • Stereolithography
  • Three-dimensional printing
  • Tissue engineering scaffold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biophysics
  • General Medicine


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