A Recurrent Neural Network-Based Method for Dynamic Load Identification of Beam Structures

Hongji Yang, Jinhui Jiang, Guoping Chen, M. Shadi Mohamed, Fan Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


The determination of structural dynamic characteristics can be challenging, especially for complex cases. This can be a major impediment for dynamic load identification in many engineering applications. Hence, avoiding the need to find numerous solutions for structural dynamic characteristics can significantly simplify dynamic load identification. To achieve this, we rely on machine learning. The recent developments in machine learning have fundamentally changed the way we approach problems in numerous fields. Machine learning models can be more easily established to solve inverse problems compared to standard approaches. Here, we propose a novel method for dynamic load identification, exploiting deep learning. The proposed algorithm is a time-domain solution for beam structures based on the recurrent neural network theory and the long short-term memory. A deep learning model, which contains one bidirectional long short-term memory layer, one long short-term memory layer and two full connection layers, is constructed to identify the typical dynamic loads of a simply supported beam. The dynamic inverse model based on the proposed algorithm is then used to identify a sinusoidal, an impulsive and a random excitation. The accuracy, the robustness and the adaptability of the model are analyzed. Moreover, the effects of different architectures and hyperparameters on the identification results are evaluated. We show that the model can identify multi-points excitations well. Ultimately, the impact of the number and the position of the measuring points is discussed, and it is confirmed that the identification errors are not sensitive to the layout of the measuring points. All the presented results indicate the advantages of the proposed method, which can be beneficial for many applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7846
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2021


  • Dynamic load identification
  • Long short-term memory
  • Recurrent neural network
  • Simply supported beam
  • Time-domain solution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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