A percepção do usuário quanto ao projeto padrão adotado na arquitetura escolar brasileira

Translated title of the contribution: User perception regarding the standard design adopted in Brazilian school architecture

José Henrique Cordeiro, Lisiê Kremer Cabral, Adriana Portella, Ana Lúcia Costa de Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

In Brazil, at the beginning of the republican period, with the understanding of education as a tool for progress, the practice of creating school institutions based on a standard model emerged. The country's industrialization process, combined with the standardization of architecture, meant that the reproduction of standardized projects became common at a national level, based on the justification of development through the rationalization and standardization of construction. In the 1990s, the country implemented new social programs, one of them based on full-time education with a new pedagogical structure, materialized in the Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Care Centers – CIACs – standard design schools designed by architect João Filgueiras Lima. In 1992, the program that gave rise to the CIAC schools was changed and this institution model came to be called CAIC – Centro de Atenção Integral à Criança e ao Adolescente, with few changes to its architectural design and maintaining the same pedagogical program already used. Through a case study at the CAIC in the city of Pelotas, in which interviews were carried out with school teachers to understand their perception of a standard architecture school, this article presents the CAICs and their history, as well as dealing with appropriation and identity formation of users in the context of the standard project. The work shows that this type of action already places the future building subject to probable interventions, so that the user can remedy problems arising from the lack of participatory planning in the school's design phase.
Translated title of the contributionUser perception regarding the standard design adopted in Brazilian school architecture
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)43-61
Number of pages19
JournalAmbiente, Comportamiento y Sociedad
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2021

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