A pattern recognition strategy for visual grape bunch detection in vineyards

Rodrigo Pérez-Zavala, Miguel Torres-Torriti*, Fernando Auat Cheein, Giancarlo Troni

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)


Automating grapevine growth monitoring, spraying, leaf thinning and harvesting tasks, as well as improving yield estimation and plant phenotyping, requires reliable methods for detecting grape bunches across different vineyard environmental and plant variety conditions, in which illumination, occlusions, colors and contrast are the main challenges to computer vision techniques. This work presents a method that employs visible spectrum cameras for robust grape berries recognition and grape bunch detection that does not require artificial illumination nor is limited to red or purple grape varieties. The proposed approach relies on shape and texture information together with a strategy to separate regions of clustered pixels into grape bunches. The approach employs histograms of oriented gradients (HOG) as shape descriptor and local binary patterns (LBP) to obtain texture information. A review of the existing methods and comparative analysis of different feature vectors (DAISY, DSIFT, HOG, LBP) and support vector classifiers (SVM-RBF, SVDD) is also presented. Datasets from four countries containing 163 images of different grapevine varieties acquired under different vineyard illumination and occlusion levels were employed to assess the approach. Grapes bunches are detected with an average precision of 88.61% and average recall of 80.34%. Single berries are detected with precision rates above 99% and recall rates between 84.0% and 92.5% on average. The proposed approach should facilitate the estimation of yield, crop thinning measurements and the computation of leaf removal indicators, as well as the implementation guidance strategies for precise robotic harvesters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-149
Number of pages14
JournalComputers and Electronics in Agriculture
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018


  • Grape bunch detection
  • Grape recognition
  • Histogram of oriented gradients
  • Local binary pattern
  • Precision viticulture
  • Support vector machine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Horticulture


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