A novel wideband dynamic directional indoor channel model based on a Markov process

Chia-Chin Chong, Chor-Min Tan, David Laurenson, Stephen McLaughlin, Mark A Beach, Andrew R. Nix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


A novel stochastic wideband dynamic spatio-temporal indoor channel model which incorporates both the spatial and temporal domain properties as well as the dynamic evolution of paths when the mobile moves is proposed based on the concept of a Markov process. The derived model is based on dynamic measurement data collected at a carrier frequency of 5.2 GHz in typical indoor environments. Multipath components are estimated using the super-resolution frequency domain space-alternating generalized expectation maximization algorithm prior to identification of path "birth" and "death" using a new data analysis method. Analysis shows that multiple births and deaths are possible at any instant of time. Furthermore, correlation exists between the number of births and deaths. Thus, an M-step 4-state Markov channel model (MCM) is proposed in order to account for these two effects. The spatio-temporal variations of paths within their lifespans are taken into consideration by the spatio-temporal vector which was found to be well modeled by a Gaussian probability density function while the power variation can be modeled by a simple low-pass filter. In addition, the methodology used to extract the MCM parameters from the measurement data is also presented. Due to the distinction in the birth-death statistics, the model is generalized through segmentation of the measurement runs and can be completely parameterized by several sets of Markov parameters associated with the type of environment and scenario under consideration. The implementation of the model is also detailed and, finally, the model is evaluated by comparing key statistics of the simulation results with the measurement results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1539-1552
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005


  • Gaussian channels
  • Markov processes
  • broadband networks
  • frequency-domain analysis
  • indoor radio
  • low-pass filters
  • mobile radio
  • multipath channels
  • signal resolution Gaussian probability density function
  • Markov process
  • birth-death statistics


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