A novel high pressure-high temperature experimental apparatus to study sequestration of CO2-SO2 mixtures in geological formations

Susana García, Qi Liu*, M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A novel experimental set-up to investigate the sequestration of non-pure carbon dioxide (CO2) streams in geological formations through mineral trapping is discussed. The system includes a gas manifold system, a gas booster, a fluid reservoir, a high pressure-high temperature reactor, and auxiliary elements to ensure safe and reliable operation under the high temperatures and pressures required for the experiments. The apparatus described here is inspired by previously reported batch equipment, but has the versatility of co-injecting gas mixtures. The capacity of the vessel is 600 mL and the system is capable of applying pressures from ambient to 5000 psi (345 bar), and temperatures from ambient to 350 °C under batch continuous stirring conditions. These ranges of pressure and temperature can cover and even exceed the conditions relevant for the majority of subsurface sequestration studies. The interior wetted parts of the vessel are all in Hastelloy C276 (a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy) to be resistant to the corrosiveness of gases such as SO 2. The system was tested by studying the sequestration of CO 2-SO2 mixtures in ferric (FeIII) iron-containing sediments, as SO2 has been shown to reduce Fe III to FeII and permanently trap CO2 as the mineral siderite (FeCO3). A series of batch trials were conducted to demonstrate the experimental apparatus design efficacy along with the systeḿs behavior. The apparatus functioned well during the course of the experiments proving that this set-up is a useful research tool to investigate the effect of impurities present in the flue gas from fossil fuel combustion in the geological storage of CO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544-554
Number of pages11
JournalGreenhouse Gases: Science and Technology
Issue number4
Early online date14 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


  • ferric iron
  • HTHP apparatus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A novel high pressure-high temperature experimental apparatus to study sequestration of CO2-SO2 mixtures in geological formations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this