A Novel Energy Lifting Approach Using J-Function and Flow Zone Indicator for Oil Fields

M. N. Tarhuni, W. R. Sulaiman, M. Z. Jaafar, K. M. Sabil

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Abstract

The X field is located in the southwestern part of block NX89 of Kentan Basin in Libya. This field is produced from Hailan multilayer consolidated sandstone with moderate rock property and a relatively low energy supplying. The reserve of subsurface energy sources is declining with years. Therefore, tech-niques were combined to achieve the energy optimization and increase hydrocarbon recovery. In order to understand the subsurface formation of the reservoir and facilitate oil production, global hydraulic element technique was used to quantify the reservoir rock types. In addition, stratigraphic modified Lorenz plot was used for reservoir layering. Reservoir heterogeneity was identified using stratigraphic modified Lorenz plot and Dykstra-Parsons coefficient. Leverett J-function was used to average the 13 capillary pressure curves into four main curves to represent the whole reservoir based on flow zone indicator values. Capillary pressure was calculated and plotted with normalized water saturation; a single average curve was defined to represent the rest of the curves. Water saturation was calculated using single and multiple J-functions and compared with the available logs. With multiple J-functions, the matching results were good for both high and low-quality layers, whereas using a single J-function, the match was poor, especially for low FZI layers such as H4c and H6a. Four rock types were identified for this reservoir ranging from medium to good reservoir quality and six different layers were obtained. The reservoir was heterogeneous with a Lorenz coefficient value of approximately 0.72 and a Dykstra-Parsons value of 0.70. All approaches used in this paper were validated and showed improved hydrocarbon recovery factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-273
Number of pages21
JournalEnergy Engineering: Journal of the Association of Energy Engineering
Volume119
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Energy lifting
  • Flow zone indicator
  • Leverett J-function
  • Reservoir heterogeneity
  • Special core analysis
  • Water saturation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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