A Novel 3D Non-Stationary Wireless MIMO Channel Simulator and Hardware Emulator

Qiuming Zhu, Hao Li, Yu Fu, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Yi Tan, Xiaomin Chen, Qihui Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)
241 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, a new WINNER+ based three dimensional (3D) non-stationary geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels is proposed, as well as extended evolving algorithms of time-variant channel parameters. Meanwhile, important statistical properties of the channel model, i.e., time-variant autocorrelation function (ACF), time-variant cross-correlation function (CCF), and timevariant Doppler power spectrum density (DPSD) are derived and analyzed. Moreover, we propose an efficient hardware implementation method, namely sum-of-frequency-modulation (SoFM) method, to generate non-stationary channel coefficients. By utilizing a compact hardware architecture with SoFM modules, the proposed 3D non-stationary GBSM is realized on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) hardware platform. Simulations and hardware measurement results demonstrate that our proposed channel simulator and emulator can get more accurate and realistic Doppler frequency than those of the existing models. In addition, hardware measurements of statistical properties are also consistent well with the corresponding theoretical ones, which verifies the correctness of both the hardware emulation scheme and theoretical derivations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3865-3878
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number9
Early online date9 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018


  • 3D non-stationary GBSM
  • hardware emulation
  • MIMO channel model
  • statistical properties
  • sum-of-frequency-modulation method
  • WINNER+ channel model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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