In this paper, a new statistical wideband indoor channel model which incorporates both the clustering of multipath components (MPCs) and the correlation between the spatial and temporal domains is proposed. The model is derived based on measurement data collected at a carrier frequency of 5.2 GHz in three different indoor scenarios and is suitable for performance analysis of HIPERLAN/2 and IEEE 802.11a systems that employ smart antenna architectures. MPC parameters are estimated using the super-resolution frequency domain space-alternating generalized expectation maximization (FD-SAGE) algorithm and clusters are identified in the spatio-temporal domain by a nonparametric density estimation procedure. The description of the clustering observed within the channel relies on two classes of parameters, namely, intercluster and intracluster parameters which characterize the cluster and MPC, respectively. All parameters are described by a set of empirical probability density functions (pdfs) derived from the measured data. The correlation properties are incorporated in two joint pdfs for cluster and MPC positions, respectively. The clustering effect also gives rise to two classes of channel power density spectra (PDS)-intercluster and intracluster PDS-which are shown to exhibit exponential and Laplacian functions in the delay and angular domains, respectively. Finally, the model validity is confirmed by comparison with two existing models reported in the literature.
- adaptive antenna arrays, broadband networks, correlation methods, indoor radio, iterative methods, microwave antenna arrays, multipath channels, nonparametric statistics, parameter estimation, spatiotemporal phenomena, statistical analysis, wireless LAN