A Model of Seam Pucker and Its Applications. Part II: Experimental

Muhammad Amir, Gerry A. V. Leaf, George K. Stylios

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
59 Downloads (Pure)


A simple model of a lockstitch seam (301) has been developed in part I, which is used to derive a measure of the severity of puckering in the seam.

This article compares the numerical assessment of pucker, derived from the model in part I, with fabric mechanics experiments and visual assessments of the phenomenon. It is shown that there is good linear correlation between the two. The model is then used to evaluate with precision, which of a selection of stiffeners, is needed to reduce pucker to an acceptable level, without overstifenning the seam. This work has implications in design and garment construction and manufacture, and in easy care garments. For the first time the idea of, precisely selecting a siffener so that it can locally to the seam alter the mechanics of the assembly, is introduced, as minimum intervention in the combat of seam puckering.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-63
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of The Textile Institute
Issue number1
Early online date12 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2020


  • Pucker severity
  • Seam deformation
  • garment appearance
  • garment manufacturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A Model of Seam Pucker and Its Applications. Part II: Experimental'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this