A model for ischaemic heart disease and stroke II: Modelling obesity

Tushar Chatterjee, Angus Smith Macdonald, Howard Richard Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This is the second in a series of three papers. In the first paper we describe a comprehensive
stochastic model of an individual's lifetime that includes diagnosis with ischaemic heart disease
and stroke and also the development of the major risk factors for these conditions. The third
paper is devoted to some applications of this model.
In this paper we discuss the effect of BMI on diabetes, heart disease and mortality and we
use data from the Framingham Heart Study and the Health Survey for England to develop
stochastic models for changes in an individual's BMI. Some of these models incorporate time
trends leading to increasing prevalence of obesity. We then use these models to investigate how
future expected lifetime and future expected healthy lifetime depend on BMI.
Our conclusions are that if the prevalence of obesity increases, even to an extreme degree,
then the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in the population will increase, possibly to a
significant extent, but the prevalence of heart disease and stroke will increase by a much smaller
amount and the effect on expected future lifetime will be small.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-103
Number of pages21
JournalAnnals of Actuarial Science
Volume3
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Body Mass Index
  • Diabetes
  • Framingham Heart Study
  • Hypertension
  • Ischaemic Heart Disease
  • Markov Model
  • Mortality
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Stroke

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