A method to identify barriers to and enablers of implementing climate change mitigation options

Linda Steg*, Janet Veldstra, Kiane de Kleijne, Şiir Kılkış, André F. P. Lucena, Lars J. Nilsson, Masahiro Sugiyama, Pete Smith, Massimo Tavoni, Heleen de Coninck, Renée van Diemen, Phil Renforth, Sebastian Mirasgedis, Gregory Nemet, Robert Görsch, Helene Muri, Paolo Bertoldi, Luisa F. Cabeza, Érika Mata, Aleksandra NovikovaLucas R. Caldas, Marta Chàfer, Radhika Khosla, David Vérez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
105 Downloads (Pure)


Mitigation option are not yet being implemented at the scale required to limit global warming to well below 2°C. Various factors have been identified that inhibit the implementation of specific mitigation options. Yet, an integrated assessment of key barriers and enablers is lacking. Here we present a comprehensive framework to assess which factors inhibit and enable the implementation of mitigation options. The framework comprises six dimensions, each encompassing different criteria: geophysical, environmental-ecological, technological, economic, sociocultural, and institutional feasibility. We demonstrate the approach by assessing to what extent each criterion and dimension affects the feasibility of six mitigation options. The assessment reveals that institutional factors inhibit the implementation of many options that need to be addressed to increase their feasibility. Of all the options assessed, many factors enable the implementation of solar energy, while only a few barriers would need to be addressed to implement solar energy at scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1227
Number of pages12
JournalOne Earth
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2022


  • barriers
  • climate change
  • enablers
  • feasibility
  • IPCC
  • mitigation options

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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