A level set immersed boundary method for water entry and exit

Yali Zhang*, Qingping Zou, Deborah Greaves, Dominic Reeve, Alison Hunt-Raby, David Graham, Phil James, Xin Lv

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)
209 Downloads (Pure)


The interaction between free surface flow and structure is investigated using a new level set immersed boundary method. The incorporation of an improved immersed boundary method with a free surface capture scheme implemented in a Navier-Stokes solver allows the interaction between fluid flow with free surface and moving body/bodies of almost arbitrary shape to be modelled. A new algorithm is proposed to locate exact forcing points near solid boundaries, which provides an accurate numerical solution. The discretized linear systemof the Poisson pressure equation is solved using the Generalized Minimum Residual (GMRES) method with incomplete LU preconditioning. Uniform flow past a cylinder at Reynolds number Re=100 is modelled using the present model and results agree well with the experiment and numerical data in the literature. Water exit and entry of a cylinder at the prescribed velocity is also investigated. The predicted slamming coefficient is in good agreement with experimental data and previous numerical simulations using a ComFlow model. The vertical slamming force and pressure distribution for the free falling wedge is also studied by the presentmodel and comparisons with available theoretical solutions and experimental data are made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-288
Number of pages24
JournalCommunications in Computational Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010


  • Fluid-structure interaction.
  • Free surface
  • Immersed boundary method
  • Level set method
  • Slamming coefficient
  • Water entry and exit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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