A high-temperature superconducting duplexer for cellular base-station applications

Jia-Sheng Hong*, Michael J. Lancaster, Robert B. Greed, Dieter Jedamzik, Jean Claude Mage, Heinz J. Chaloupka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a recent investigation of a high-temperature superconducting (HTS) duplexer for cellular base-station applications. The duplexer consists of two HTS hybrids and two HTS bandstop filters. The principle and design of the duplexer are described. The components of the duplexer were fabricated individually using double-sided YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) thin films on LaAlO3 (LAO) substrates. The substrate size for each of the hybrids was 0.5 × 22.5 × 15.5 mm, while each of the bandstop filters had a substrate size of 0.5 × 13 × 38 mm. Experiments were performed both with a test housing in a liquid-nitrogen cooler at a temperature of 80 K and in an encapsulated RF connector ring in a vacuum cooler at 55 K. The measured insertion loss was less than 0.3 dB both from the antenna to receiver ports over a receive band of 1770-1785 MHz and from the transmitter to antenna ports over a transmit band of 1805-1880 MHz. The isolation between the transmitter and receiver was measured to be greater than 35 dB. Good measured results were also obtained for the encapsulated duplexer with the maximum insertion loss of 1.15 dB, the additional loss being due to the microstrip feed lines across the vacuum space, and the minimum isolation of about 30 dB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1336-1343
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000


  • Cellular base-station
  • Hts filters
  • Mobile communication
  • Superconducting duplexer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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