Optical signals are subject to a distance-dependent loss as they propagate through transmission media. High-intensity, classical, optical signals can routinely be amplified to overcome the degradation caused by this loss. However, quantum optical states cannot be deterministically amplified and any attempt to do so will introduce intrinsic noise that spoils the desired quantum properties. Non-deterministic optical amplification, based on post-selection of the output depending on certain conditioning detection outcomes, is an emerging enabling technology in quantum measurement and quantum communications. Here we present an investigation into the properties of a simple, modular optical state comparison amplifier operating on weak coherent states. This amplifier requires no complex quantum resources and is based on linear optical components allowing for a high amplification rate at high gain and fidelity. We examine the amplifier’s performance in different configurations and develop an accurate analytical model that accounts for typical experimental scenarios.