A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach to Neutron Spectrum Unfolding with Organic Scintillators

Haonan Zhu, Yoann Altmann, Angela Di Fulvio, Stephen McLaughlin, Sara Pozzi, Alfred O. Hero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We propose a hierarchical Bayesian model and a state-of-the-art Monte Carlo sampling method to solve the unfolding problem, i.e., to estimate the spectrum of an unknown neutron source from the data detected by an organic scintillator. Inferring neutron spectra is important for several applications, including nonproliferation and nuclear security, as it allows the discrimination of fission sources in special nuclear material (SNM) from other types of neutron sources based on the differences of the emitted neutron spectra. Organic scintillators interact with neutrons mostly via elastic scattering on hydrogen nuclei and therefore partially retain neutron energy information. Consequently, the neutron spectrum can be derived through deconvolution of the measured light-output spectrum and the response functions of the scintillator to monoenergetic neutrons. The proposed approach is compared to three existing methods using the simulated data to enable controlled benchmarks. We consider three sets of detector responses. One set corresponds to a 2.5-MeV monoenergetic neutron source and two sets are associated with (energywise) continuous neutron sources ( 252Cf and 241AmBe). Our results show that the proposed method has similar or better unfolding performance compared with other iterative or Tikhonov regularization-based approaches in terms of accuracy and robustness against limited detection events while requiring less user supervision. The proposed method also provides a posteriori confidence measures, which offers additional information regarding the uncertainty of the measurements and the extracted information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2265-2274
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Volume66
Issue number10
Early online date13 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Fingerprint

neutron spectra
neutron sources
Phosphors
scintillation counters
Neutrons
Neutron sources
neutrons
fission
discrimination
confidence
elastic scattering
Elastic scattering
sampling
Deconvolution
nuclei
output
detectors
hydrogen
estimates
Sampling

Keywords

  • Bayesian inference
  • markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods
  • organic scintillators
  • spectral unfolding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Zhu, Haonan ; Altmann, Yoann ; Di Fulvio, Angela ; McLaughlin, Stephen ; Pozzi, Sara ; Hero, Alfred O. / A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach to Neutron Spectrum Unfolding with Organic Scintillators. In: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. 2019 ; Vol. 66, No. 10. pp. 2265-2274.
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A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach to Neutron Spectrum Unfolding with Organic Scintillators. / Zhu, Haonan; Altmann, Yoann; Di Fulvio, Angela; McLaughlin, Stephen; Pozzi, Sara; Hero, Alfred O.

In: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 66, No. 10, 10.2019, p. 2265-2274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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