A generalized anisotropic quadric yield criterion and its application to bone tissue at multiple length scales

J. J. Schwiedrzik, U. Wolfram, Philippe K. Zysset

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonlinear computational analysis of materials showing elasto-plasticity or damage relies on knowledge of their yield behavior and strengths under complex stress states. In this work, a generalized anisotropic quadric yield criterion is proposed that is homogeneous of degree one and takes a convex quadric shape with a smooth transition from ellipsoidal to cylindrical or conical surfaces. If in the case of material identification, the shape of the yield function is not known a priori, a minimization using the quadric criterion will result in the optimal shape among the convex quadrics. The convexity limits of the criterion and the transition points between the different shapes are identified. Several special cases of the criterion for distinct material symmetries such as isotropy, cubic symmetry, fabric-based orthotropy and general orthotropy are presented and discussed. The generality of the formulation is demonstrated by showing its degeneration to several classical yield surfaces like the von Mises, Drucker-Prager, Tsai-Wu, Liu, generalized Hill and classical Hill criteria under appropriate conditions. Applicability of the formulation for micromechanical analyses was shown by transformation of a criterion for porous cohesive-frictional materials by Maghous et al. In order to demonstrate the advantages of the generalized formulation, bone is chosen as an example material, since it features yield envelopes with different shapes depending on the considered length scale. A fabric- and density-based quadric criterion for the description of homogenized material behavior of trabecular bone is identified from uniaxial, multiaxial and torsional experimental data. Also, a fabric- and density-based Tsai-Wu yield criterion for homogenized trabecular bone from in silico data is converted to an equivalent quadric criterion by introduction of a transformation of the interaction parameters. Finally, a quadric yield criterion for lamellar bone at the microscale is identified from a nanoindentation study reported in the literature, thus demonstrating the applicability of the generalized formulation to the description of the yield envelope of bone at multiple length scales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1155-1168
Number of pages14
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Yield criterion
  • Strength
  • Plasticity
  • Bone
  • Porosity
  • HUMAN TRABECULAR BONE
  • CANCELLOUS BONE
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • CORTICAL BONE
  • ORTHOTROPIC MATERIALS
  • STRENGTH CRITERION
  • FABRIC TENSORS
  • DEPENDENCE
  • MORPHOLOGY
  • FRACTURE

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