A dynamic function for energy return on investment

Michael Dale*, Susan Krumdieck, Pat Bodger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Most estimates of energy-return-on-investment (EROI) are "static". They determine the amount of energy produced by a particular energy technology at a particular location at a particular time. Some "dynamic" estimates are also made that track the changes in EROI of a particular resource over time. Such approaches are "bottom-up". This paper presents a conceptual framework for a "top-down" dynamic function for the EROI of an energy resource. This function is constructed from fundamental theoretical considerations of energy technology development and resource depletion. Some empirical evidence is given as corroboration of the shape of the function components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1972-1985
Number of pages14
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2011


  • Energy-return-on-investment
  • EROI
  • Net energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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