A computer-aided learning program for teaching effective stress to undergraduates

A. W. Oliver, J. Oliphant

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    A Computer-Aided Learning (CAL) program has been developed as a support aid for students learning the principle of effective stress and its application. The program called ESP (Effective Stress Program) has evolved over a period of two years as a result of research into student learning. This paper discusses the development, use and evaluation of the latest version of the program ESP98. ESP98 is shown to be an effective support tool by outperforming the conventional methods of instruction. The key to the success of ESP98 is the high level of interaction which students experience. The nature of the interaction is centred on a mistake-induced dialogue where the student is provided with progressive and instant feedback and guided towards the final answer. ESP has been integrated into the curriculum at Heriot-Watt University for the past two years and is freely available for use by other teaching institutions by contacting the authors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)85-97
    Number of pages13
    JournalGeotechnical and Geological Engineering
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1999


    • Computer-Aided Learning (CAL)
    • Soil mechanics
    • Undergraduate education


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