In this paper, the action of the zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate (ZDDP) anti-wear additive has been examined on two different materials (Steel AISI 52100 and a Co/Cr/Mo thermal spray coating) sliding against cast iron in reciprocating mode. Tests have been conducted under lubricated wear conditions at relatively low (20, 50 °C) and elevated (up to 100 °C) bulk oil temperatures. A comparison is made between the friction, wear and chemical nature of the wear film formed under varying temperatures, on two materials, in two lubricants (one free from and one containing ZDDP) and after different test durations. The wear film has been examined by energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In this work, it has been shown in this work that the friction coefficient is dependent on the temperature, the lubricant and the nature of the contacting surfaces. In the presence of ZDDP, a wear film, comprising Zn, S and P, forms even at the lowest bulk oil temperature of 20 °C. The nature of the film is dependent on the substrate material and the steel and Co/Cr/Mo coating showed contrasting film characteristics. In this paper, the wear and friction results for each couple in oil containing and free from additives is discussed with reference to the nature of the wear film. A correlation has been made between the wear, friction and chemical analysis measurements. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
- Co/Cr/Mo thermal spray coating
- Zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate