A Comparative Study of Navigation API ETA Accuracy for Shuttle Bus Tracking

Shu Qian Gan, Ammar Ashraf Bin Narul Akhla, Chee Ling Thong, Abdul Samad Shibghatullah*, Su Mon Chit, Lee Yen Chaw, Chiw Yi Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study compares three selected navigation applications which are Google Maps, Waze and HERE WeGo, through the study of each application’s Application Programming Interface (API). The study is focusing on the aspect of Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) accuracy, in an attempt to determine which API are suitable to be integrated and implemented in the development of a shuttle bus application. To date, there are currently lacking studies that discuss or compare the implementation of API in the development of shuttle bus tracking and ETA application. This study focuses on finding which API is the best suitable for such development from an ETA perspective, using the navigation application where the APIs were implemented or based on as a tool of testing. An experiment was conducted in a city in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, by collecting the ETA of the navigation applications from multiple points while riding a scheduled shuttle bus. The ETA will be compared with actual arrival time (ATA) using RMSE, MAE and PE metric. Comparison results showed Google Maps app provides the most consistent ETA prediction accuracy in a conservative manner and is the most suitable to be incorporated into a simple bus tracking and ETA app. The significant contribution of this study is to provide a result of comparison of the ETA accuracy through selected navigation applications and comparison of their navigation API.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDesign, Operation and Evaluation of Mobile Communications - Third International Conference, MOBILE 2022, Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022, Proceedings
EditorsGavriel Salvendy, June Wei
PublisherSpringer
Pages446-461
Number of pages16
Volume13337
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-05014-5
ISBN (Print)9783031050138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2022
Event3rd International Conference on Design, Operation and Evaluation of Mobile Communications, MOBILE 2022 Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 26 Jun 20221 Jul 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume13337
ISSN (Print)0302-9743

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Design, Operation and Evaluation of Mobile Communications, MOBILE 2022 Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022
CityVirtual, Online
Period26/06/221/07/22

Keywords

  • Application Programming Interface
  • Estimated time of arrival
  • Google maps
  • HERE WeGo
  • Navigation applications
  • Waze

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A Comparative Study of Navigation API ETA Accuracy for Shuttle Bus Tracking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this