A Comparative Study of Conventional Extended Aeration and Modern Membrane Bioreactor Methods of Sewage Treatment from the Environmental and Financial Perspectives

Mohamed Fetouh, R. Rustum, Adebayo J. Adeloye

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The conventional extended aeration (EA) method and its modifications have been considered as a routine, user-friendly method in wastewater treatment plants around the world. The membrane bioreactor (MBR) method has been promoted by membrane manufacturers over the past decade as the most efficient treatment method in the industry. Research has shown the higher quality of MBR effluent compared with that of EA, but the comparison has seldom included the financial aspects. If the quality of the effluent from both methods is acceptable for a given reuse application, then a major consideration in adopting either method must be financial (i.e., the capital expenditure (CAPEX) and operating expenses (OPEX) involved in their deployment). Simulation of both methods is conducted for domestic wastewater treatment plants using the biological and financial models of CAPDETWorksTM. The CAPEX and OPEX findings from the simulation are interpreted to their present unit values by employing global market price indices as of October 2019. Hydraulic loads from 500 to 5,000 m3/d were considered for three influent strengths: weak, medium and strong. It is found that the EA method is less costly in meeting the effluent-quality requirements of certain reuse applications, while the MBR is recommended for the extra strong-strength influent especially for units smaller than 500 m3/d, due to both effluent quality and lifetime cost.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGEOMATE 2020 - The 10th International Conference on Geotechnique, Construction Materials and Environment
PublisherGEOMATE International Society
ISBN (Electronic)9784909106049
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2020
EventGEOMATE 2020 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 11 Nov 202013 Nov 2020

Conference

ConferenceGEOMATE 2020
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period11/11/2013/11/20

Keywords

  • Wastewater treatment
  • Extended aeration
  • Membrane bioreactor
  • Capital expenditure (CAPEX)
  • Operating expenses (OPEX)

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