A novel integrated antenna solution for wireless handheld devices is proposed for the existing 4G standards and upcoming 5G systems for broadband, high data rate communications. The complete antenna system is a unique combination of a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna system at microwave frequencies and a millimeter(mm)-wave antenna array. The MIMO antenna system consists of two reactive loaded monopoles while the mm-wave array consists of a planar 2 by 4 slot antennas. The integrated antenna system covers the frequency bands from 1870 to 2530 MHz for 4G standards along with the upcoming 5G mm-wave band at 28 GHz. In addition, the integrated antenna system is planar and is designed for typical smart phone devices with a standard 60 mm by 100 mm by 0.965 mm back plane. Excellent field correlation values were obtained across the 4G band while realized peak gain values of 4 dBi and 8 dBi were respectively measured for the MIMO and mm-wave antenna arrays. The proposed antenna design may also be useful for other compact implementations that support 4G and 5G communications.
Hussain, R., Alreshaid, A. T., Podilchak, S., & Sharawi, M. S. (2017). A Compact 4G MIMO Antenna Integrated with a 5G Array for Current and Future Mobile Handsets. IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, 11(2), 271–279. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-map.2016.0738