A Cold Neptune-Mass Planet OGLE-2007-BLG-368Lb: Cold Neptunes Are Common

T. Sumi, D.~P. Bennett, I.~A. Bond, A. Udalski, V. Batista, M. Dominik, P. Fouqué, D. Kubas, A. Gould, B. Macintosh, K. Cook, S. Dong, L. Skuljan, A. Cassan, F. Abe, C.~S. Botzler, A. Fukui, K. Furusawa, J.~B. Hearnshaw, Y. ItowK. Kamiya, P.~M. Kilmartin, A. Korpela, W. Lin, C.~H. Ling, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, N. Miyake, Y. Muraki, M. Nagaya, T. Nagayama, K. Ohnishi, T. Okumura, Y.~C. Perrott, N. Rattenbury, T. Saito, T. Sako, D.~J. Sullivan, W.~L. Sweatman, P.~J. Tristram, P.~C.~M. Yock, MOA Collaboration, J.~P. Beaulieu, A. Cole, C. Coutures, M.~F. Duran, J. Greenhill, F. Jablonski, U. Marboeuf, E. Martioli, E. Pedretti, O. Pejcha, P. Rojo, M.~D. Albrow, S. Brillant, M. Bode, D.~M. Bramich, M.~J. Burgdorf, J.~A.~R. Caldwell, H. Calitz, E. Corrales, S. Dieters, D. Dominis Prester, J. Donatowicz, K. Hill, M. Hoffman, K. Horne, U.~G. Jørgensen, N. Kains, S. Kane, J.~B. Marquette, R. Martin, P. Meintjes, J. Menzies, K.~R. Pollard, K.~C. Sahu, C. Snodgrass, I. Steele, R. Street, Y. Tsapras, J. Wambsganss, A. Williams, M. Zub, PLANET Collaboration, M.~K. Szymaski, M. Kubiak, G. Pietrzyski, I. Soszyski, O. Szewczyk, L. Wyrzykowski, K. Ulaczyk, OGLE Collaboration, W. Allen, G.~W. Christie, D.~L. DePoy, B.~S. Gaudi, C. Han, J. Janczak, C.-U. Lee, J. McCormick, F. Mallia, B. Monard, T. Natusch, B.-G. Park, R.~W. Pogge, R. Santallo, $FUN Collaboration

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We present the discovery of a Neptune-mass planet OGLE-2007-BLG-368Lb with a planet-star mass ratio of q = [9.5 ± 2.1] × 10–5 via gravitational microlensing. The planetary deviation was detected in real-time thanks to the high cadence of the Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics survey, real-time light-curve monitoring and intensive follow-up observations. A Bayesian analysis returns the stellar mass and distance at Ml = 0.64+0.21 –0.26 M ☉ and Dl = 5.9+0.9 –1.4 kpc, respectively, so the mass and separation of the planet are Mp = 20+7 –8 M ⊕ and a = 3.3+1.4 –0.8 AU, respectively. This discovery adds another cold Neptune-mass planet to the planetary sample discovered by microlensing, which now comprises four cold Neptune/super-Earths, five gas giant planets, and another sub-Saturn mass planet whose nature is unclear. The discovery of these 10 cold exoplanets by the microlensing method implies that the mass ratio function of cold exoplanets scales as dN pl/dlog q vprop q –0.7±0.2 with a 95% confidence level upper limit of n < –0.35 (where dN pl/dlog q vprop qn ). As microlensing is most sensitive to planets beyond the snow-line, this implies that Neptune-mass planets are at least three times more common than Jupiters in this region at the 95% confidence level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1641-1653
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010


  • gravitational lensing: micro, planetary systems

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