A 3-D Wideband Multi-Confocal Ellipsoid Model for Wireless Massive MIMO Communication Channels with Uniform Planar Antenna Array

Lu Bai, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Shangbin Wu, Jian Sun, Wensheng Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper first proposes a three dimensional (3-D) non-stationary wideband multi-confocal ellipsoid channel model with uniform planar antenna array (UPA) for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication systems. The proposed 3-D geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) not only considers the non-stationary channel characteristics in time domain but also describes the non-stationary channel characteristics in array domain by adopting a birth-death (BD) process and seed algorithm on UPA for the first time. At the meanwhile, selective cluster evolution and cluster evolution areas (CEAs) are first proposed in this paper. Only clusters in CEAs go through cluster evolution because near-field effect and other clusters can be observed by all antennas. Channel parameters, including delay, Doppler frequency, angle of departure (AoD), and angle of arrive (AoA), are considered in both the azimuth direction and elevation direction. This paper also considers rotations of UPAs. Based on the proposed theoretical reference model, the relevant simulation model is also obtained. The statistical properties of theoretical reference model and simulation model can match well with numerical results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring)
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Electronic)9781509059324
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2017
Event85th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference 2017 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 4 Jun 20177 Jun 2017

Conference

Conference85th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference 2017
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period4/06/177/06/17

Fingerprint

Antenna Arrays
Confocal
Communication Channels
Ellipsoid
Antenna arrays
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)
3D
Reference Model
Theoretical Model
Simulation Model
Model
Angle
Stochastic models
Birth and Death Process
Azimuth
Channel Model
Seed
Near-field
Doppler
Communication systems

Keywords

  • 3-D model
  • CEA
  • GBSM
  • massive MIMO
  • multi-confocal ellipsoid
  • Non-stationary
  • seed algorithm
  • UPA
  • wideband

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Bai, L., Wang, C-X., Wu, S., Sun, J., & Zhang, W. (2017). A 3-D Wideband Multi-Confocal Ellipsoid Model for Wireless Massive MIMO Communication Channels with Uniform Planar Antenna Array. In 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) [8108211] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2017.8108211
Bai, Lu ; Wang, Cheng-Xiang ; Wu, Shangbin ; Sun, Jian ; Zhang, Wensheng. / A 3-D Wideband Multi-Confocal Ellipsoid Model for Wireless Massive MIMO Communication Channels with Uniform Planar Antenna Array. 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring). IEEE, 2017.
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title = "A 3-D Wideband Multi-Confocal Ellipsoid Model for Wireless Massive MIMO Communication Channels with Uniform Planar Antenna Array",
abstract = "This paper first proposes a three dimensional (3-D) non-stationary wideband multi-confocal ellipsoid channel model with uniform planar antenna array (UPA) for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication systems. The proposed 3-D geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) not only considers the non-stationary channel characteristics in time domain but also describes the non-stationary channel characteristics in array domain by adopting a birth-death (BD) process and seed algorithm on UPA for the first time. At the meanwhile, selective cluster evolution and cluster evolution areas (CEAs) are first proposed in this paper. Only clusters in CEAs go through cluster evolution because near-field effect and other clusters can be observed by all antennas. Channel parameters, including delay, Doppler frequency, angle of departure (AoD), and angle of arrive (AoA), are considered in both the azimuth direction and elevation direction. This paper also considers rotations of UPAs. Based on the proposed theoretical reference model, the relevant simulation model is also obtained. The statistical properties of theoretical reference model and simulation model can match well with numerical results.",
keywords = "3-D model, CEA, GBSM, massive MIMO, multi-confocal ellipsoid, Non-stationary, seed algorithm, UPA, wideband",
author = "Lu Bai and Cheng-Xiang Wang and Shangbin Wu and Jian Sun and Wensheng Zhang",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
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Bai, L, Wang, C-X, Wu, S, Sun, J & Zhang, W 2017, A 3-D Wideband Multi-Confocal Ellipsoid Model for Wireless Massive MIMO Communication Channels with Uniform Planar Antenna Array. in 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring)., 8108211, IEEE, 85th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference 2017, Sydney, Australia, 4/06/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2017.8108211

A 3-D Wideband Multi-Confocal Ellipsoid Model for Wireless Massive MIMO Communication Channels with Uniform Planar Antenna Array. / Bai, Lu; Wang, Cheng-Xiang; Wu, Shangbin; Sun, Jian; Zhang, Wensheng.

2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring). IEEE, 2017. 8108211.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - This paper first proposes a three dimensional (3-D) non-stationary wideband multi-confocal ellipsoid channel model with uniform planar antenna array (UPA) for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication systems. The proposed 3-D geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) not only considers the non-stationary channel characteristics in time domain but also describes the non-stationary channel characteristics in array domain by adopting a birth-death (BD) process and seed algorithm on UPA for the first time. At the meanwhile, selective cluster evolution and cluster evolution areas (CEAs) are first proposed in this paper. Only clusters in CEAs go through cluster evolution because near-field effect and other clusters can be observed by all antennas. Channel parameters, including delay, Doppler frequency, angle of departure (AoD), and angle of arrive (AoA), are considered in both the azimuth direction and elevation direction. This paper also considers rotations of UPAs. Based on the proposed theoretical reference model, the relevant simulation model is also obtained. The statistical properties of theoretical reference model and simulation model can match well with numerical results.

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