60-GHz Millimeter-Wave Channel Measurements and Modeling for Indoor Office Environments

Xianyue Wu, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Jian Sun, Jie Huang, Rui Feng, Yang Yang, Xiaohu Ge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The millimeter-wave (mmWave) band will be used for the fifth-generation communication systems. In this paper, 60-GHz mmWave channel measurements and modeling are carried out for indoor office environments. The rotated directional antenna-based method and uniform virtual array-based method are adopted and compared to investigate the 60-GHz channel in a 3-D space, simultaneously covering azimuth and coelevation domains. The multipath component parameters including power, delay, azimuth, and elevation angles are estimated with the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization estimation algorithm, and then processed with the K-means clustering algorithm. An extended Saleh-Valenzuela model with both delay and angular cluster features is used to characterize the measured channel, and the intercluster and intracluster parameters are extracted. We find that the azimuth departure angles are diverse and highly related to the antenna position and measurement environment, while the elevation departure angles are more related to the antenna height difference and confined in a relatively small direction range. The azimuth angle spread is much larger than the elevation angle spread either in global level or in cluster level. The results agree with the studies in the literature and channel models in IEEE standards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1912-1924
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume65
Issue number4
Early online date15 Feb 2017
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2017

Fingerprint

Millimeter waves
Antennas
Clustering algorithms
Communication systems

Keywords

  • 60-GHz millimeter-wave (mmWave) channels
  • channel measurements
  • parameter estimation
  • Saleh-Valenzuela (S-V) channel model
  • space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm

Cite this

Wu, Xianyue; Wang, Cheng-Xiang; Sun, Jian; Huang, Jie; Feng, Rui; Yang, Yang; Ge, Xiaohu / 60-GHz Millimeter-Wave Channel Measurements and Modeling for Indoor Office Environments.

In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 65, No. 4, 04.2017, p. 1912-1924.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{931241cf40cd4c508653cf486c4e4acd,
title = "60-GHz Millimeter-Wave Channel Measurements and Modeling for Indoor Office Environments",
abstract = "The millimeter-wave (mmWave) band will be used for the fifth-generation communication systems. In this paper, 60-GHz mmWave channel measurements and modeling are carried out for indoor office environments. The rotated directional antenna-based method and uniform virtual array-based method are adopted and compared to investigate the 60-GHz channel in a 3-D space, simultaneously covering azimuth and coelevation domains. The multipath component parameters including power, delay, azimuth, and elevation angles are estimated with the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization estimation algorithm, and then processed with the K-means clustering algorithm. An extended Saleh-Valenzuela model with both delay and angular cluster features is used to characterize the measured channel, and the intercluster and intracluster parameters are extracted. We find that the azimuth departure angles are diverse and highly related to the antenna position and measurement environment, while the elevation departure angles are more related to the antenna height difference and confined in a relatively small direction range. The azimuth angle spread is much larger than the elevation angle spread either in global level or in cluster level. The results agree with the studies in the literature and channel models in IEEE standards.",
keywords = "60-GHz millimeter-wave (mmWave) channels, channel measurements, parameter estimation, Saleh-Valenzuela (S-V) channel model, space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm",
author = "Xianyue Wu and Cheng-Xiang Wang and Jian Sun and Jie Huang and Rui Feng and Yang Yang and Xiaohu Ge",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1109/TAP.2017.2669721",
volume = "65",
pages = "1912--1924",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation",
issn = "0018-926X",
publisher = "IEEE",
number = "4",

}

60-GHz Millimeter-Wave Channel Measurements and Modeling for Indoor Office Environments. / Wu, Xianyue; Wang, Cheng-Xiang; Sun, Jian; Huang, Jie; Feng, Rui; Yang, Yang; Ge, Xiaohu.

In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 65, No. 4, 04.2017, p. 1912-1924.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - 60-GHz Millimeter-Wave Channel Measurements and Modeling for Indoor Office Environments

AU - Wu,Xianyue

AU - Wang,Cheng-Xiang

AU - Sun,Jian

AU - Huang,Jie

AU - Feng,Rui

AU - Yang,Yang

AU - Ge,Xiaohu

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - The millimeter-wave (mmWave) band will be used for the fifth-generation communication systems. In this paper, 60-GHz mmWave channel measurements and modeling are carried out for indoor office environments. The rotated directional antenna-based method and uniform virtual array-based method are adopted and compared to investigate the 60-GHz channel in a 3-D space, simultaneously covering azimuth and coelevation domains. The multipath component parameters including power, delay, azimuth, and elevation angles are estimated with the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization estimation algorithm, and then processed with the K-means clustering algorithm. An extended Saleh-Valenzuela model with both delay and angular cluster features is used to characterize the measured channel, and the intercluster and intracluster parameters are extracted. We find that the azimuth departure angles are diverse and highly related to the antenna position and measurement environment, while the elevation departure angles are more related to the antenna height difference and confined in a relatively small direction range. The azimuth angle spread is much larger than the elevation angle spread either in global level or in cluster level. The results agree with the studies in the literature and channel models in IEEE standards.

AB - The millimeter-wave (mmWave) band will be used for the fifth-generation communication systems. In this paper, 60-GHz mmWave channel measurements and modeling are carried out for indoor office environments. The rotated directional antenna-based method and uniform virtual array-based method are adopted and compared to investigate the 60-GHz channel in a 3-D space, simultaneously covering azimuth and coelevation domains. The multipath component parameters including power, delay, azimuth, and elevation angles are estimated with the space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization estimation algorithm, and then processed with the K-means clustering algorithm. An extended Saleh-Valenzuela model with both delay and angular cluster features is used to characterize the measured channel, and the intercluster and intracluster parameters are extracted. We find that the azimuth departure angles are diverse and highly related to the antenna position and measurement environment, while the elevation departure angles are more related to the antenna height difference and confined in a relatively small direction range. The azimuth angle spread is much larger than the elevation angle spread either in global level or in cluster level. The results agree with the studies in the literature and channel models in IEEE standards.

KW - 60-GHz millimeter-wave (mmWave) channels

KW - channel measurements

KW - parameter estimation

KW - Saleh-Valenzuela (S-V) channel model

KW - space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) algorithm

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018538724&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TAP.2017.2669721

DO - 10.1109/TAP.2017.2669721

M3 - Article

VL - 65

SP - 1912

EP - 1924

JO - IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

T2 - IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

JF - IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

SN - 0018-926X

IS - 4

ER -