3D/Inkjet-printed Origami Antennas for Multi-direction RF Harvesting

John Kimionis*, Apostolos Georgiadis, Michael Isakov, Hang J. Qi, Manos M. Tentzeris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

29 Citations (Scopus)


A system design is presented for radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting on wireless sensor network (WSN) nodes, where all electronics reside inside a 3D structure and the antennas lie on the surfaces of it. Additive manufacturing techniques are used for the packaging and antenna fabrication: A 3D-printed cross-shaped structure is built that folds to a cuboid in an "origami" fashion and retains its shape at room temperature. Inkjet printing is used to directly fabricate antennas on the surfaces of the 3D-printed plastic, enabling a fully additive manufacturing of the structure. Multiple antennas on the cube's surfaces can be used for RF energy harvesting of signals arriving from totally orthogonal directions, with the use of an appropriate harvester. The system modules (cube, antenna, harvester) are described and characterized, offering a proof-of-concept for the combination of fabrication techniques to build systems for demanding RF applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic) 978-1-4799-8275-2
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event2015 IEEE MTT International Microwave Symposium - Phoenix, AZ, United States
Duration: 17 May 201522 May 2015


Conference2015 IEEE MTT International Microwave Symposium
Abbreviated titleIMS 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhoenix, AZ


  • RF energy harvesting
  • multiple antennas
  • additive manufacturing
  • inkjet printing
  • 3D printing


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